prison safety JC
Russell Webster

Russell Webster

Criminal Justice & substance misuse expert and author of this blog.

How can we make our prisons safer?

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The Justice Committee finds that overall levels of safety in prisons are continuing to deteriorate and demands a MoJ/NOMS action plan with quarterly updates

Penal reform programme at risk

The announcements in the Queen’s Speech of the government’s ambitious plans for penal reform came in the same week that the BBC 10 o’clock news ran a series of items on how our prisons are becoming more dangerous places and the House of Commons Justice Committee published its report on Prison Safety.

Worrying indicators

The Justice Committee report contains a litany of deeply worrying statistics including these:

  • Assaults rose 20% in the six months to December 2015 compared to the preceding six months.
  • Self-harm incidents grew by 11% over the same period.
  • There were 15,511 prisoners on prisoner assaults in 2015, 2,197 of them classified as serious
  • There were 4,963 prisoner assaults on staff n 2015, 625 classified as serious
  • All forms of death in prison increased in 2015 compared to the previous year as the chart below shows:

JC prison safety chart

Recruiting staff key problem

Despite NOMS efforts, the Justice Committee expresses serious concern over the MoJ’s ability to recruit sufficient staff which they see as central to the deterioration of safety in prison:

Mr Selous confirmed to us on 26 April 2016 that the 2,250 extra prison officers recruited when the Ministry went “full throttle with a major recruitment programme” in 2015 had resulted in a net gain of only 440 officers.

The Committee expresses the view that NOMS do not fully understand the problems with staff retention which has prevented it from getting a grip on the issue.


The Justice Committee is blunt in its criticisms on the failure to improve prison safety:

Overall levels of safety in prisons are not stabilising as the Ministry of Justice and the National Offender Management Service had hoped, let alone improving. This is a matter of great concern, and improvement is urgently needed.

They conclude that there is little chance of Mr Gove’s penal reform programme succeeding unless the trends of escalating violence, self-harm and suicides can be reversed.


The Committee’s recommendation could hardly be phrased in stronger language, either. There is a formal request for quarterly reports from the MoJ and NOMS for the rest of the parliament on the latest prison safety statistics (including those not routinely made public) and a recommendation that the MoJ and NOMS jointly produce an action plan addressing prison safety:

The plan should include both preventative measures and punitive ones, and should provide objectives, accompanied by indices to assess the impact these are having. It should encompass action NOMS is taking with regard to recruitment and retention of prison staff, the implications of the Secretary of State’s review of benchmarking, and should also address the apparent lack of observance of professional standards by some officers through the Corruption Prevention Strategy.


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Prison Compendium
The latest prison news

Everything you want to know about prisons…

Prisons can be an emotive subject and it’s important that governments, researchers, policy makers, pressure groups and others all base their views on the facts.

The Ministry of Justice publishes a range of regular statistical bulletins and reports with up-to-date information, often underpinned by publicly available datasets. 

These can, however, not always be straightforward to access if you’re not used to MoJ systems.

Therefore, I’ve constructed this compendium of prison information which will be updated when the latest statistics are published.

You can either browse the whole collection of slides (see further down this page) or follow the links in the bullet points below to go to individual charts.


If you can’t see the visualisation below on your device, you can find it here.

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