Different versions of crime stats from police records and crime survey
The crime figures for 2015 were published last week (21 April 2016) by the Office for National Statistics.
Many of the headlines were about the apparent rise in violent crime, an issue already analysed on this blog by Harvey Redgrave of Crest Advisory.
However, there were plenty more things of interest and I’ve picked ten of them to share with you below.
1: Overall crime down 7%
The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) for the year ending December 2015 shows there were an estimated 6.4 million incidents of crime against households and resident adults aged 16 and over. This represents a 7% decrease from the estimated 6.9 million incidents in the previous year. The survey also estimated that there were 829,000 incidents of crime against children aged 10 to 15.
2: Large decreases in theft and criminal damage
The decrease shown by the CSEW was largely driven by falls in theft offences (down 7%) and criminal damage (down 14%).
3: But police crime figures up
There was a 7% increase in police recorded crime compared with the previous year, with 4.4 million offences recorded in the year ending December 2015. Most of this rise is thought to be owing to improved crime recording by the police leading to a greater proportion of reports of crime being recorded in the last year.
You can see these differences in the ONS graphic below:
4: Police are recording violent offences more systematically
Improvements in recording of crime are thought to have particularly affected some categories of violent crime recorded by the police. There was a 27% rise in “violence against the person” offences (an additional 198,658 offences) which was largely driven by increases within the “violence without injury” subgroup (up by 143,239 offences; a 38% increase). The CSEW estimate for violent crime showed no statistically significant change compared with the previous year’s survey.
5: Sexual offences up through a combination of better recording and more reporting by victims
The police data also continued to show a rise in recorded sexual offences, with the latest figures up 29% on the previous year; equivalent to an additional 23,349 offences and bringing the total to over 100,000 in a single year for the first time (103,614). The numbers of rapes (34,741) and other sexual offences (68,873) were at the highest level recorded since the introduction of the National Crime Recording Standard in the year ending March 2003. As well as improvements in recording, these rises are also thought to reflect a greater willingness of victims to come forward to report such crimes.
6: Online fraud figures up – but still tip of the iceberg
There was a 4% increase in the volume of fraud offences referred to the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau (NFIB) at the City of London Police. In total, 617,618 offences were referred to NFIB, including 224,683 offences reported by victims to Action Fraud (the UK’s national fraud reporting centre), 295,525 referrals from Cifas (a UK-wide fraud prevention service) and 97,411 cases from Financial Fraud Action UK (FFA UK; a body that represents the UK payments industry). It is known that many cases of fraud do not come to the attention of the police, and these figures provide a very partial picture. A more complete picture will be published in July 2016 when early estimates are available from new CSEW data on fraud and cybercrime.
7: Weapons offences up
Offences involving firearms increased 4% (by 200 offences to 5,122) in the year ending December 2015 compared with the previous year. However, this was largely driven by an 18% increase in offences involving imitation and other weapons such as BB guns and soft air weapons; by contrast, offences involving handguns, shotguns and rifles decreased by 1%.
The number of offences that involved a knife or sharp instrument also showed an increase (9%) over the past 12 months. This contrasts with the general downward trend in this series over the longer-term, although the latest figures are 14% lower than in the year ending March 2011.
8: Less anti-social behaviour recorded
Around 1.8 million incidents of anti-social behaviour (ASB) were recorded by the police for the year ending December 2015, a decrease of 8% compared with the previous year.
9: Domestic burglaries fell substantially
According to the CSEW, domestic burglaries dropped to 713,000, a drop of 10% compared to 2014 (and 70% compared to 1995).
10: Drug offences down
According to police figures, there were 124,523 drug possession offences in 2015 — a drop of 17% — and 26,527 drug trafficking offences, a fall of 6%.