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Probation re-nationalised (more or less)
MoJ announces the end of Transforming Rehabilitation with all offender management now the responsibility of the National Probation Service.

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Back to the future

At one minute past midnight this morning (16 May 2019), The Ministry of Justice issued the long awaited press release announcing that much of its Transforming Rehabilitation probation reform project is being put into reverse.

Here is the press release in full:

  • National Probation Service to take over responsibility for all offender management
  • Up to £280 million to be made available for voluntary and private sectors to deliver innovative rehabilitation services
  • Part of holistic reforms to cut reoffending and reduce crime

Justice Secretary David Gauke has today set out his blueprint for the future of probation – bringing all offender management under the National Probation Service (NPS) and building on existing work to bring down reoffending.

These reforms are designed to build on the successful elements of the existing system, Transforming Rehabilitation, which led to 40,000 additional offenders – around 50% more – being supervised every year, along with the introduction of fresh ideas and innovative new rehabilitative services from private and voluntary providers.

The reforms will enhance the work of the National Probation Service, while maximising the skills of the private and voluntary sectors, and will provide up to £280m a year for probation interventions from the private and voluntary sectors.

Under the new model, each NPS region will have a dedicated, private or voluntary sector ‘Innovation Partner’ – responsible for direct provision of unpaid work and accredited programmes. This will support the NPS to identify, encourage and deliver greater innovation for vital services, including substance misuse programmes, training courses, community payback and housing support.

The new model will also give local criminal justice partners a direct role in commissioning services together with the NPS. 

Justice Secretary David Gauke said:

Delivering a stronger probation system, which commands the confidence of the courts and better protects the public, is a pillar of our reforms to focus on rehabilitation and cut reoffending.
I want a smarter justice system that reduces repeat crime by providing robust community alternatives to ineffective short prison sentences – supporting offenders to turn away from crime for good.
The model we are announcing today will harness the skills of private and voluntary providers and draw on the expertise of the NPS to boost rehabilitation, improve standards and ultimately increase public safety.

This work builds on a package of reforms being driven forward to move away from short custodial sentences, which evidence shows are often ineffective. Recent figures show offenders serving sentences of less than 12 months had a reoffending rate of nearly 65% – laying bare the need for robust community alternatives.

By having one consistent service delivering end-to-end offender management, sentencers can feel confident that alternatives to ineffective short custodial sentences will be delivered robustly. The new model will simplify this system by introducing eleven new probation regions in England and Wales, to ensure effective coordination – right from pre-sentence reports in the courts through the criminal justice system and to release into the community.

The proposed reforms will also transform the use of technology in probation, investing in a digital and data strategy that will replace existing systems and better utilise technology, data and information to inform professional judgement.

Transforming Rehabilitation showed that real partnership working between public and private sectors can drive innovation. The new model will make it easier for a range of voluntary and community organisations to get in to the market by cutting bureaucracy. A fund of £20m a year will be set aside for particularly innovative new approaches.

Plans to bring forward legislation to implement a statutory regulatory framework that will hold probation officers to the same professional standards as doctors and lawyers, will also ensure that probation staff feel respected and empowered to deliver this important service.

It is now vital to take time to finalise these proposals, in order to get the changes right, and the Department will work closely with providers, stakeholders and staff to finalise these proposals, ready for the new model to come in to effect in Spring 2021.

The Justice Secretary David Gauke is making an oral statement to the House of Commons at 10:30 this morning.


Last July the MoJ announced its decision to cut short the contracts of the private Community Rehabilitation Companies and re-model probation although it also said it intended to keep the public/private split with CRCs continuing to supervise low- and medium-risk offenders. Under pressure from Chief Probation Inspector Dame Glenys Stacey, the Public Accounts and Justice Committees and the National Audit Office, the MoJ has now changed its mind and decided that the public sector National Probation Service will now be responsible for all offender management.

However, it is clear that there remain many details to be worked out. No new operating model has been published today and the MoJ has provided  only a little additional information about what happens next:

  • The Ministry of Justice will now run a period of market and stakeholder engagement to finalise these proposals, including on how services will be tendered to providers.
  • A commercial competition will launch later this year for providers to bid for to source the necessary rehabilitative services.
  • Offender management in Wales will be integrated on a quicker timescale, by the end of 2019.
  • Three launch events to discuss the reforms in more depth will be held week commencing 27th May in London, Cardiff and Manchester and will be open to stakeholders.

So, we must wait and see to get more details. However, two key issues spring to my mind:

  1. How practical are the eleven new probation areas which do not align with any other boundaries (health, police, local authority etc. — except for the three areas of London, Greater Manchester and Wales) and are much too large for key criminal justice players such as Police and Crime Commissioners to have any real influence?
  2. Which organisations, private or voluntary, will be interested in bidding to become one of the new CRCs – now known as “Innovation Partners” – and deliver unpaid work and accredited programmes? Will some of the current multi-national providers walk away and will we see a new supply chain mechanism which really encourages small and medium sized charities being paid to work with offenders?

You can see a short timeline of the key events in the brief history of Transforming Rehabilitation below.

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4 Responses

  1. Will the reconstituted NPS revert to being an independent entity or will it remain tied to, that is dominated by, the Prison Service? If it is the latter this could turn out to be Phyrric victory. Until the details are clearer it may be premature to be cracking open the bubbly.

  2. This has been the biggest failure to date in the MOJ and government, those who aided this destruction will not face consequences of there actions, especially Chris Grayling.

  3. The Probation Service, in whatever guise it appears in the future, cannot prosper or even function as long as the performance objectives set are those for processes and not outcomes. Indeed, there appears to be a complete lack of understanding that working with difficult people in complex situations requires time, money and a lot of patience. The latest targets set by the MoJ do nothing to address the lack of attention to the time and effort needed to help people desist from crime and chose a lifestyle more conducive to themselves and others.

  4. The only people who can ever truly ‘rehabilitate’ offenders are the offenders themselves. They have to want to change for any real change to come about.

    You may coerce participation on to OBPs, using whatever carrot is on the end of the stick, but this is mere programme participation; it does not necessarily indicate change.

    Anyone is capable of ‘blagging’ their way through these programmes, this fact is well established. The end result is clear; in many cases, participants are leaving these programmes better armed to commit further offences.

    How does this equate with rehabilitation?

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