It’s been a decade since the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) introduced the end-to-end approach to offender management with community-based probation staff working in partnership with prison staff to provide a three stage co-ordinated service:
- Assessing criminogenic need
- Planning and delivering interventions to address these needs
- Reviewing their effectiveness
In order to support the development of this process the Prison and Probation Inspectorates produce an annual aggregate report on offender management in prisons. The 2013 report was published in December and pulls together the findings from 21 separate prison inspections.
Wide variation in practice
The 2012 report had been critical of offender management in prisons and had made a series of strong recommendations to improve matters. In the current report, the inspectors pronounce themselves disappointed that little progress has been made in putting these recommendations into practice.
The inspectors did find pockets of good practice, but highlighted a number of significant concerns:
- Many prisons did not pay sufficient attention to prisoner rehabilitation and protection of the public (tending to focus more on simple resettlement issues such as housing)
- There is a culture of poor communication between prison departments.
- The role of prison officer offender supervisors is not clear.
- Community based probation staff are not sufficiently involved in the offender management process.
- There are insufficient offending behaviour programmes available in prison.
- The offender assessment system (OASys) was rarely used to allocate or re-categorise prisoners.
- Prison offender supervisors rarely recorded their work, not using the hugely expensive P-NOMIS system.
Implications for Transforming Rehabilitation
The inspectors are direct in spelling out their displeasure at this situation and in highlighting the fact that the newly designated 71 resettlement prisons will have to drastically improve their offender management performance to have any impact on the reoffending behaviour of short term prisoners who will receive supervision and support on release for the first time under the Offender Rehabilitation Bill currently going through parliament:
“This lack of progress is of particular concern as it casts doubt about the Prison Service’s capacity to implement the changes required under the Transforming Rehabilitation Strategy designed to reduce reoffending rates, especially for short-term prisoners.”
Many thanks to photographer Mark Harvey for permission to use the image at the top of this post. You can see his work at the Social Issues Library.