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The prison population and coronavirus
COVID-19 lockdown
My scrutiny of the prison population in England and Wales during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Tracking COVID in our prisons

When the COVID-19 pandemic struck, a coalition of penal reform charities, criminal justice commentators and all those concerned with the health and well-being of our prisoners have been calling for a swift reduction in our prison population.

There was a clear consensus that prison conditions, with a minimum of 15,000 people in prison sharing cells designed for one person, make it very likely that high numbers of prisoners and the staff caring for them will be infected.

Early release

Although there was a lot of discussion about early release, the MoJ only actually liberated 316 people before their release date in the summer of 2020. Those released early were a combination of women in Mother and Baby Units and people within two months of their release date.


Monitoring of COVID in prison

The purpose of this blog post is to scrutinise the impact of coronavirus on people in prison.

Every Friday, I update this post with the latest official figures to show the number of people in prison and the number of positive COVID tests. The post also gives weekly updates on the numbers of people in prison who have tragically lost their lives to the virus. The early release scheme was suspended on 31 August 2020.

However, I have continued to track the prison population and the impact of COVID (in terms of deaths and positive tests) since the imposition of the first national lockdown in March 2020. You can see the full date below.

Prison population updated 2 December 2022

The chart has been updated with today’s official statistics. The prison population now stands at 82,896, a smaller increase of 59 on last week’s figures although this still amounts of an increase of 1,475 over the last eight weeks. This figure is now just 179 below the population on 31st January 2020, the date of the first death by coronavirus in the UK. If you hover over the data points on the chart below, you can see the official figure for every month of the pandemic.

It is clear that the courts are making very slow progress catching up with the backlog of cases which built up throughout the first period of lockdown – at least not for those offences which are likely to result in a custodial sentence. Further down this blog post you can see the latest (up to the end of June 2022) data on the backlogs for both Magistrates’ and Crown Courts.

Coronavirus deaths

The MoJ HMPPS COVID-19 official statistics updated on 11 November with information up to 31 October 2022 show that:

  • 298 prisoners and supervised individuals have died having tested positive within 60 days of death or where there was a clinical assessment COVID-19 was a contributory factor in their death. Of whom 208 were prisoners and 90 were individuals supervised by the probation service. There have been no deaths of children in custody.
  • There were no deaths in October 2022. However, the total number of deaths has increased by 3 as historic deaths have been reported centrally since the previous publication, including 2 deaths occurring in September 2022. 
  • Of the 298 deaths, 241 were suspected or confirmed to be caused by COVID-19, of whom 158 were prisoners and 83 were supervised individuals. Of the 24 deaths since February 2022, only 7 are suspected or confirmed to be due to COVID-19.
  • 48,049 prisoners or children in custody have tested positive for COVID-19 since the start of the pandemic, across 130 establishments, almost all of whom were adults.
  • There were 556 new confirmed cases in October 2022, this is 121 more than in September 2022.
  • 65 establishments had prisoners testing positive in October 2022, an increase of 20 compared with September 2022.

The grim chart below records the monthly deaths of people in prison and on probation who have tested positive for COVID.


Positive COVID tests

I have created a new animated chart tracking the number of positive COVID tests in prison on monthly basis below:
Total Positive COVID Tests in Prison

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Related posts

Coping with COVID in prison

Peer research with 1,600 people in prison reveals the fully impact of living through the pandemic inside.

Global prison trends 2021

Efforts to prevent COVID-19 have come at a huge cost to people detained and working in prisons according to Penal Reform International.

One Response

  1. This is outrageous that our loved ones are put in danger daily by staff have all staff had their valine injection done it has to be staff that is bringing this into prisoners as families are tested

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